Beginning in , United Gas Corporation , the nation's busiest pipeline operator and massive integrated oil company, was headquartered in Shreveport. Pennzoil performed a hostile takeover in , and forced a merger. In the s, the oil and gas industry suffered a large economic downturn.
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This affected all of the regional economy, and many companies cut back jobs or went out of business, including a large retail shopping mall, South Park Mall, which closed in the late s. Its major facilities were adapted for use by Summer Grove Baptist Church.
Shreveport suffered severely from this recession, and many residents left the area. Since that time, Shreveport has largely transitioned to a service economy. In particular, there has been rapid growth in the gaming industry. The city hosts various riverboat gambling casinos , and, before Hurricane Katrina in , was second only to New Orleans in Louisiana tourism.
Nearby Bossier City is home to one of the three horse racetracks in the state, Harrah's Louisiana Downs. The Shreveport-Bossier Convention and Tourist Bureau is the official tourism information agency for the region. The bureau maintains a comprehensive database of restaurants, accommodations, attractions, and events. Managed by SMG , it includes an space parking garage. An adjoining Hilton Hotel opened in June It was constructed by and owned by the city, which has been a controversial issue, and the subject of discussions about use of public funds.
Shreveport is a major medical center of the region and state. As of November , excitement has centered around development of the Haynesville Shale , with many new jobs in the natural gas industry expected to be created over the next few years. However, the recent economic downturn has resulted in a lower market price for natural gas and slower-than-expected drilling activity. The city expected to generate revenue by leasing the mineral rights on public lands in the near future as neighboring municipalities have already done.
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In , manufacturing and other goods-producing e. In Fortune magazine ranked Shreveport the " 1 place to start a business". Vincent operations; Sears is now closed as well as of Tax incentives offered by the state government have given Louisiana the third largest film industry in the country, behind California and New York. Louisiana is sometimes called "Hollywood South". Facilities include sound stages , prop rental facilities, the Fairgrounds Complex, and the Louisiana Wave Studio, a computer-controlled outdoor wave pool.
Several television series have been shot in Shreveport and the surrounding area, including The Gates , and Salem The Louisiana Film Prize has spurred the creation of over short films shot in Shreveport and Northwest Louisiana by filmmakers from around the world since its inception in Dating back to , the state fairgrounds and later Independence Stadium , formerly State Fair Stadium has traditionally hosted a college football game or two during the State Fair of Louisiana, an event currently dubbed the Red River State Fair Classic. Since , Independence Stadium has served as host of college football's annual Independence Bowl.
Shreveport was also home to a few now defunct football teams. The Houston franchise of the professional World Football League relocated to Shreveport rebranded as the Shreveport Steamer midway through the season, but the franchise along with the WFL folded midway through the season. Another franchise named the Shreveport Steamers played as a member of the American Football Association from until folding in Shreveport's Independence Stadium was also home to the Shreveport Pirates , an unsuccessful professional Canadian Football League franchise that opened play in but folded after the season.
Baseball in Shreveport has an extensive past. The city had affiliated Minor League Baseball teams from to The most memorable team was the Shreveport Captains of the Texas League. Baseball teams in Shreveport have gone through eight different name changes and seven different leagues all since Shreveport's most recent independent baseball team, the Shreveport-Bossier Captains , ceased operations in and moved to Laredo, Texas. Shreveport is home to a few amateur sports clubs and college teams.
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Attempts to revive it in the s were unsuccessful, and the last Carnival celebrations in Shreveport for decades were held in Mardi Gras in Shreveport was revived beginning in with the organization of the Krewe of Apollo. The first krewe [ clarification needed ] to revive parading was Gemini in Today, Mardi Gras is again an important part of the cultural life of the Shreveport-Bossier metropolitan area.
Founded in and incorporated in , Shreveport is the parish seat of Caddo Parish. It is part of the First Judicial District, housing the parish courthouse. It also houses the Louisiana Second Circuit Court of Appeal, which consists of nine elected judges representing twenty parishes in Northwest Louisiana. A portion of east Shreveport extends into Bossier Parish due to the changing course of the Red River. The city of Shreveport has a mayor-council government. The elected municipal officials include the mayor , Adrian Perkins , and seven members of the city council.
Cedric Glover, now a member of the Louisiana House of Representatives , was the first African American to hold the mayoral position. Under the mayor-council government, the mayor serves as the executive officer of the city. As the city's chief administrator and official representative, the mayor is responsible for the general management of the city and for seeing that all laws and ordinances are enforced.
Caddo Public Schools is a school district based in Shreveport. The district serves all of Caddo Parish. Its founding superintendent was Clifton Ellis Byrd , a Virginia native, who assumed the chief administrative position in and continued until his death in There are a number of private schools in the city as well, including Loyola College Prep , a coeducational high school founded in as the all-male St.
John's High School. Shreveport has several colleges, including the Methodist -affiliated Centenary College founded at Jackson, Louisiana , in ; relocated to Shreveport in and Louisiana State University in Shreveport , which opened as a two-year institution in It became four-year in Shreveport also has one of the largest nursing schools in northern Louisiana, the Northwestern State University College of Nursing. Since July , Shreveport is home to a local Remington College campus. This location offers both diploma and degree programs, and is active in the Shreveport community.
Virginia College opened in Located in Shreveport-Bossier City, it offers career training in areas such as business and office, health and medical, and medical billing.
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Shreveport and its surrounding area are served by a variety of local newspapers, magazines, television stations and radio stations. Its headquarters is in Shreveport's downtown near Interstate The newspaper's former rival, the afternoon Shreveport Journal , ceased publication in Shreveport and Bossier City are served by two major cable television systems: Shreveport is served by Comcast and Bossier City is served by Suddenlink. The internet radio station is completely web-based and is not affiliated with any terrestrial radio station in the area.
Barksdale Air Force Base is located in Bossier Parish across the river from Shreveport, which annexed and donated the land for its construction in the s. Named for pioneer army aviator Lt. The primary aircraft housed here is the Boeing B Stratofortress.
In earlier years, the base was the home to other famous aircraft, including the B Stratojet. Shreveport is home to the two th Cavalry Squadrons, the reconnaissance element of the th Infantry Brigade. Three of the squadron's four cavalry troops are located at East Stoner Avenue in a historic armory known as "Fort Humbug".
It got the name due to the Confederate Army burning logs to look like cannons and placing them along the Red River. This caused Union ironclad ships sailing north on the Red River to be tricked into turning back south. Shreveport's past reflects the need for mass transit and public roads. As far back as the s, residents used mule - drawn street cars that were converted to electric-motorized cars by Commuter rail systems in Shreveport flourished for many decades, and rail car lines extended out to rural areas. In trolleys and rail cars began to be replaced by buses, although motor buses did not finally replace all trolley service until the s.
In the s, the Interstate Highway System came to the area with the construction of Interstate The local public transportation provider, SporTran , provides moderately extensive bus service throughout Shreveport and Bossier City. The highway system has a cross-hair and loop freeway structure similar to that of Texas cities like Houston and Dallas.
I now extends north to Interstate 30 in Arkansas , though there is a gap in I within Shreveport. Shreveport is served by two airports.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. City in Louisiana, United States. Coat of arms. Shreveport, Louisiana. Members list. Main article: Economy of Shreveport. Main article: Sports in Shreveport-Bossier. Bennett Johnston, Jr. Main article: Politics of Shreveport. Main article: Caddo Public Schools Louisiana. Further information: Media in Shreveport, Louisiana. Main article: Transportation in Shreveport. Main article: List of people from Shreveport, Louisiana.
Louisiana portal. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, Retrieved August 28, Stack Exchange. Retrieved May 14, National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, Retrieved June 7, Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 3, Retrieved May 28, Greater Shreveport Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on February 19, Retrieved Retrieved December 11, Retrieved July 6, Cyber Innovation Center.
Retrieved April 3, Edwards: New center strengthens Shreveport-Bossier as cyber hub of La". City of Shreveport, Louisiana.